A new study suggests that eating more refined grains such as croissants and white bread is at greater risk of major heart disease, heart attack, and death.
“This study confirms previous work indicating a healthy diet, which includes processed and refined foods,” said researcher Scott Laird of Simon Fraser University in Canada. The study found that having more than seven servings of refined grains per day was associated with a 27 percent greater risk for early death, a 33 percent greater risk for heart disease, and a 47 percent greater risk for stroke.
For the study published in The British Journal, the team examined diets from a diverse population consisting of 137,130 participants from low, middle and high income countries for 16 years.
Grains were classified into three groups i.e. refined grains, whole grains and white rice. Refined grains included refined breads, such as white bread, pasta / noodles, breakfast cereals, crackers, and items made from refined grains, including bakery products / desserts. Whole grains include whole grain flour (such as grains) and intact whole grains (such as steel chopped oats).
The team said that no adverse health effects were found from consumption of whole grains or white rice. The study suggested eating whole-grain foods such as brown rice and barley and eating low-grain cereals and refined wheat products. According to the team, reducing overall consumption of refined grains and having better quality carbohydrates is essential for health.