Emergency contraception (EC) is a form of contraception that is used to avoid pregnancy after unprotected sexual contact. Other names for this include after after dawn; And ‘Post-coital’ pill These approaches are intended for one-time use during a contraceptive accident and are successful only when used in a limited period after sexual exposure. This is only for contraceptive emergency situations, not for normal or repeated use, as the name suggests.
Dr. Sangeeta Gomes, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Motherhood Hospitals, Sarjapur, Bangalore, told Herzindagi that “the first few days after intercourse, until the ovum is released from the ovaries and fertilizes the sperm ovum, emergency contraception is efficient. Emergency contraception is efficient.” The pills may not induce abortion because they cannot interrupt ongoing pregnancy or harm the developing fetus.
“Emergency contraception avoids approximately 85% of births, although it is not an alternative to daily contraception. Over the past decade, extensive research has been conducted on several emerging methods for emergency contraception, with new findings being consistently post-cum- Is focused on usage. ” He added.
Some of the facts and effects he has stated are as follows:
When is Emergency Contraception Necessary?
If the condom has burst or fallen during intercourse, or if you missed taking two or more birth control pills in a month, you may need to use emergency contraception. Unexpected sexual activity, underage sex, unprotected exposure (sexual assault, rape, sexual coercion), contraceptive events with common and standard methods, incorrect determination of safe times, missed coitus interruptions, condom breakage or excretion, late injection of spermicides , Forgets for the pill are just a few examples of two consecutive days between the packets or a pill-free interval of nine or more days.
There is a delay of more than 12 hours in taking a progesterone-only pill, a two-week delay in taking a progestin injection contraceptive injection, a three-day delay in taking a combination of estrogen and a progestin injection contraceptive injection, and an IUD is expelled or lost.
What is emergency contraception and how does it work?
Oral contraception for emergencies works by delaying ovulation. Hormone-based drugs, such as levonorgestrel tablets, temporarily block egg release and prevent fertilization, or prevent fertilized eggs from implantation into the uterus.
Types of emergency contraceptives:
morning after pill
They can also be used as emergency contraception, but to avoid getting pregnant, you should take more than one pill at a time. Another method of emergency contraception is putting copper T which impedes implantation.
Nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, breast tenderness, headaches, dizziness, and fatigue are also possible side effects. About 50% of women taking a combination of ECPs feel nausea, and 20% vomit. If you vomit within two hours of taking one dose, you can take another dose. When two 25 mg tablets are taken an hour before combined ECPs, the non-prescription anti-nausea drug meclizine has been shown to reduce the risk of nausea by 27% and vomiting by 64%, but double the risk of drowsiness. Has been (approximately) 30%).
Most side effects do not last a few days after treatment and disappear within 24 hours. The menstrual cycle is often interrupted for a short time. High doses of progestogen – If taken before ovulation, progestogen withdrawal is bleeding a few days after taking the pills.
When taken after ovulation, it can prolong the luteal process, delaying menstruation for a few days. If taken before ovulation, mifepristone may delay ovulation by 3-4 days. Interruption occurs only during the period in which ECP is taken; The duration of subsequent cycles is unchanged. If a woman is missing her menstrual period for more than a week, she should undergo a pregnancy test.
Another side effect of ipil is ectopic pregnancy due to slowing of contraction of the fallopian tubes, causing the fertilized embryo to freeze in the tube.
Emergency pills may have offered great relief for women, but should only be used in times of dire need and should not become a habit. It is always better to consult your gynecologist and choose a safe contraceptive program. It is time we mistreat our bodies the morning after the pill. Rather, women should take charge of their reproductive health and make an informed decision.