Mohammad Hamid Ansari was born on 1 April 1937 in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Kolkata in West Bengal, India) to the home of Mohammad Abdul Aziz Ansari and Asiya Begum. Although his ancestral home is in the city of Ghazipur in the state of Uttar Pradesh, he spent his formative years in Kolkata. He is the nephew of Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, former president and freedom fighter of the Indian National Congress. He is also associated with local political activists of Uttar Pradesh, Afzal Ansari, Sibkatullah Ansari and jailed criminal politician Mukhtar Ansari. Hamid was schooled at St. Edward’s School, Shimla. After graduating from St. Xavier’s College, Calcutta affiliated to the University of Calcutta, he obtained a Master of Arts and a Doctor of Philosophy degree from Aligarh Muslim University. He married Salma Ansari and has two sons and a daughter.
Hamid Ansari is an Indian politician and retired Foreign Service officer, the 12th President of the Rajya Sabha and the 12th Vice President of India from 2007 to 2017. Mohammad Hamid Ansari joined the IFS in 1961. In a 38-year-long diplomatic career, he served. As Indian Ambassador to Australia, Afghanistan, Iran and Saudi Arabia. He also served as India’s permanent representative to the United Nations between 1993 and 1995. He was appointed the Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University from 2000 to 2002. He was the Chairman of the National Commission for Minorities from 2006 to 2007.
He was elected as the Vice President of India on August 10, 2007 and took charge on August 11, 2007. He was re-appointed on August 7, 2012 and was sworn in by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee. The swearing-in ceremony was held on 11 August 2012 at Rashtrapati Bhavan. His second term ended in August 2017 as he was not given a second term, deciding not to go for a third term in the 2017 vice-presidential election.